NAACP Legal Defense Fund : Defend, Educate, Empower

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"The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund is simply the best civil rights law firm in American history." -- President Obama

Significant Cases

Program Work

Educational Equity

Fisher v. UT Austin

The U.S. Supreme Court is -- for the second time -- reviewing the constitutionality of the consideration of race in the University of Texas (“UT”) undergraduate admissions policy. Previously, in June 2013, the Court upheld, in Fisher I, the landmark decisions of ...

Voting Rights Act

Shelby County, Alabama v. Holder

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is one of our nation’s most effective federal civil rights statutes. Shelby County, Alabama...

Voter Protection

Northwest Austin Municipal Utility District No. 1 v. Holder

In 2006, just days after President Bush signed into law the bill reauthorizing core provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, a small water district in Austin, Texas filed a federal lawsuit in Washington, D.C. challenging the preclearance provision known as Section 5 of the Act.  Section...

Educational Equity

University of Michigan Race-Conscious Admissions

In June 2003, the Supreme Court issued landmark rulings in two companion cases, Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger.  In Grutter, the Court rebuffed a constitutional challenge to the use of race in admissions to the University of Michigan Law School....

Employment Discrimination

Abercrombie & Fitch Employment Discrimination

In June 2003, LDF filed a class action lawsuit, Gonzalez v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, against national clothing retailer, Abercrombie & Fitch. The lawsuit, filed in U.S. District Court in San Francisco, charged that in addition to selling so-called "classic" looks, Abercrombie...

Criminal Records

Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority’s Criminal Records Policy – Criminal Records & Employment

Recent surveys of human resource managers show that the vast majority of employers now rely on criminal background checks as part of their applicant screening process.  While employers may consider a wide array of information when evaluating applicants, in some cases, employers can...