NAACP Legal Defense Fund : Defend, Educate, Empower

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"The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund is simply the best civil rights law firm in American history." -- President Obama

Economic Justice Cases and Issues

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Program Work

Environmental Justice

Holt v. Scovill

Dickson County appeared to be an idyllic, rural community of rolling farmland in north-central Tennessee. But decades of toxic dumping at a landfill poisoned the groundwater, and left three generations of a local African-American family who live next to the landfill searching for justice.

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Housing Discrimination

Hurricane Sandy Recovery Efforts

Natural disasters can devastate communities, wreaking havoc on housing, employment stability, transportation, and infrastructure. As we learned after Hurricane Katrina, these corollary effects are often exacerbated for low-income and minority families, due in part to the limited resources these...

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Employment Discrimination

Landmark: Griggs v. Duke Power Co.

In 1971, the Supreme Court issued a unanimous ruling in Griggs v. Duke Power, which transformed our nation’s work places.  As a result of LDF’s advocacy, the Supreme Court embraced a powerful legal tool – now known as the “disparate impact” framework...

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Employment Discrimination

Lewis v. City of Chicago: "The Chicago Firefighters Case"

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In 1995, Chicago administered an entry-level firefighter exam to more than 26,000 applicants.  The passing score was 65 out of 100, but against the advice of its own expert...

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Employment Discrimination

Little v. Washington Metro Area Transit Authority

In July 2014, LDF’s Economic Justice Program, together with the Washington Lawyers’ Committee and the law firm Arnold and Porter LLP, filed a class action lawsuit against the Washington Metro Area Transit Authority and three of its contractors, challenging their use of...

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Housing Discrimination

Magner v. Gallagher

LDF filed an amicus curiae ("friend of the court") brief in the United States Supreme Court in Magner v. Gallagher.  In Magner, a group of private landlords of low-income housing challenged the City of St. Paul's practice of selectively targeting them for heightened...

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Marriage Equality

Marriage Equality

LDF, Marriage Equality, and Loving v. Virginia

The NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund (LDF) has long argued that the discriminatory history of racial restrictions on the right to marry illustrate how the exclusion of lesbian and gay couples from marriage perpetuates and...

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Housing Discrimination

Mount Holly v. Mount Holly Gardens Citizens in Action, Inc.

Click here to read LDF's amicus brief. 

Mount Holly v. Mount Holly Gardens Citizens in Action, Inc., which the Supreme...

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Employment Discrimination

NYC School Custodian Employment Discrimination

In United States v. New York City Board of Education, LDF is defending the lawfulness of a 1999 settlement between the Board of Education and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ).  In 1996, DOJ sued the Board of Education for employment discrimination.  The evidence...

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Fair Housing | Housing Discrimination

Regulations

Through its own advocacy and leadership of the national fair housing coalition, LDF has urged the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to issue regulations in several different areas of fair housing.  HUD has recently issued several of the requested regulations. LDF has high...

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