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"The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund is simply the best civil rights law firm in American history." -- President Obama

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Educational Equity

University of Michigan Race-Conscious Admissions

In June 2003, the Supreme Court issued landmark rulings in two companion cases, Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger.  In Grutter, the Court rebuffed a constitutional challenge to the use of race in admissions to the University of Michigan Law School....